PhD defence by Vu Duyen Hai
FISHERIES PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT IN VIETNAM – An explanation of ineffectiveness
26.04.2018 kl. 13.00 - 16.00
Unsustainable exploitation of the marine ﬁsheries resources in Vietnam was documented already in the early the 1990s. In order to address this issue, innovative approaches to ﬁsheries management were introduced into the Vietnamese ﬁsheries through pilot projects funded by international donors. However, the eﬀectiveness of ﬁsheries management in Vietnam has not lead to sustainable marine capture ﬁsheries. The government has been unable to control the development of its ﬁsheries (i.e. total landings and ﬁshing eﬀort in terms of ﬁshing vessels employed) resulting in depletion of ﬁsheries resources and marine capture ﬁsheries has got into a vicious cycle.
This research sets out to explain the ineﬀectiveness of the ﬁsheries management system in Vietnam with an emphasis on the planning system to provide a more inclusive understanding about issues facing the ﬁsheries management system in Vietnam; logics of the ﬁsheries development objectives; credibility of the knowledge base used for planning and management purposes; co-management arrangements; and unsuccessful implication of innovative approaches to improve eﬀectiveness of ﬁsheries management in Vietnam.
Various approaches and frameworks are used to address research questions of the research. The ﬁsheries system approach is used to identify issues facing the ﬁsheries management in Vietnam. The triangle paradigm framework is used to understand logics of the ﬁsheries development objectives. Eleven conditions for sustainable ﬁsheries co-management have been used to understand success and failure of co-management approach in Vietnam.
This research concludes that: i) the available data in the Vietnamese ﬁsheries draw out a contradictory understanding about the natural and human systems, thus management system is unable to make eﬀective intervention on the human and natural systems; ii) conﬂicting discourses in planning ﬁsheries result in inconsistent development and management decisions on the Vietnamese ﬁsheries; iii) the knowledge base used for planning ﬁsheries in Vietnam is incredible; iv) the management tools decided in the ﬁsheries master plan are not implemented at local levels and not enforced at the ﬁshing communities, and the Vietnamese ﬁsheries are under the open-access regime which ﬁshers are allowed to catch as much as
they can; and v) unsuccessful implementation of innovative approaches to ﬁsheries management in Vietnam is due to a lack of supportive institutional arrangement and without a framework for ﬁsheries management.
Associate professor Alyne Delaney (Chairman), Aalborg University
Professor Arne Eide, The Ar/c University of Norway
Associate Professor Eva Roth, University of Southern Denmark
Professor Jesper Raakjær, Department of Planning, Aalborg University
Associate professor Ivar Lyhne, Department of Planning, Aalborg University, Denmark
Please sign up for this event no later than April 23rd at 12.00 in this
Free of charge
Department of Planning
Rendsburggade 14, room 3.329, 9000 Aalborg
23.04.2018 kl. 12.00